Oil companies, the largest buyers of dollars in the domestic currency market, were spotted buying the greenback through the session, more than offseting the large dollar sales from exporters.
The rupee remains vulnerable for more falls, with a break above 54 seen possible in next week's short trading week, particularly if the euro retreats due to the continued uncertainty about whether Spain will request a bailout.
"Past couple of days state-run banks have been buying dollars for oil as well as for the government for defence payments," said Pramod Patil, a foreign exchange dealer with United Overseas Bank
"This is a good level for exporters to sell. I expect exporter selling to continue above the 54 level if that is breached as well," he added.
The partially convertible rupee closed at 53.84/85 per dollar, compared to its close of 53.41/42 on Thursday. The rupee weakened at one point to as much as 53.99, its weakest since September 21.
The rupee lost 0.8 per cent on the day and 1.9 per cent on the week, marking its biggest weekly loss since the June 22 week.
Since the start of the rupee's fall after a five-week rally, the rupee has lost 3.7 per cent of its value over 10 sessions.
Traders broadly predict a 53.00 to 54.50 range for the pair next week.
Traders also said there was good dollar buying from foreign banks who had large "buy orders" from the greenback from their customers in the offshore market.
"A lot of short-USD positions were stopped out with the move above 53.80, which lead to massive dollar receiving," said a senior non-deliverable forwards dealer based in Singapore.
The one-month offshore NDF rate was at around 54.16 while the three-month was at 54.70.
In the currency futures market, the most-traded near-month dollar/rupee contracts on the National Stock Exchange, the MCX-SX and the United Stock Exchange closed at around 53.99 with a total traded volume of around $7.15 billion.
With inputs from Thomson Reuters 2012