Finance Minister P Chidambaram today inaugurated the country's new stock exchange - MCX-Stock Exchange (MCX-SX) at an event in Mumbai.
The new exchange would commence live trading in equities from Monday.
MCX-SX is providing trading platform for currency derivatives segment for now, and would become a full-fledged stock exchange after the launch of other segments like equity, equity derivatives, bonds and interest rate derivatives.
Speaking at the occasion, Ashok Jha, Chairman, MCX-SX, said: "We will look to penetrate more into Tier II and Tier III cities," adding that "a solid corporate bond market is required for financing infrastructure sector requirements".
Earlier, in a statement, MCX-SX said it will launch equities trading on Monday in 1,116 listed companies, even as the bourse operator looks to compete aggressively against the country's two established players - Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange.
The number of available counters announced by MCX-SX in the statement is about two-thirds of the 1,665 offered by dominant player National Stock Exchange and a fraction of the 5,191 in the older BSE as of the end of December, according to data from World Federation of Exchanges.
However, these numbers include thousands of illiquid stocks, making it a far less important barometer for traders, most of whom welcome MCX-SX entry as trading costs are expected to fall as the three exchange compete for market share.
Whether MCX-SX can succeed in a country where the value of shares traded remain a fraction of those in the Shanghai Stock Exchange will depend mainly on how successfully the bourse can attract liquidity, especially from established brokers.
"Liquidity is going to be a challenge for MCX and they will have to act to get market makers initially for most instruments," said Abhay Jain, equity advisor at SSJ Finance and Securities in Mumbai.
MCX-SX, controlled by commodity bourse Multi-Commodity Exchange of India Ltd and trading software provider Financial Technologies (India) Ltd, will start trading operations on Monday after a long regulatory approval process.
Equities trading is dominated by NSE in India, which has overtaken older BSE in trading volumes.
The total value of share trading in the NSE reached $526.1 billion last year, compared with $110.3 billion on the BSE, according to data from World Federation of Exchanges.
But combined that's only about a quarter of the $2.6 trillion traded in China's Shanghai stock exchange last year, according to the same data.
MCX-SX is betting trading volumes will grow substantially in coming years as the Indian government pushes initiatives to bolster mutual fund and insurance investments in a bid to bring more retail investors into stock markets.
That is looking like an uncertain bet so far. Net outflows from equity-focused funds reached Rs. 10,816 crore last year according to data from the Association of Mutual Funds in India.
Those redemptions have come as investors have cashed in the more than 20 percent gains in the Sensex and Nifty last year.
"It may be successful with new breed of professionals initially," said G. Chokkalingam, chief investment officer at Centrum Wealth Management in Mumbai.
"But in the long run they need to tap successful, higher end broker members."
With inputs from Reuters